عنوان مقاله [English]
The Kurds are genuine Iranian ethnic groups residing on the western borders of the country. The Kurds have two ethnic identities - religious (at the micro level) and Iranian national identity (at the macro level). In different periods before and after the Islamic Revolution, various ethnic-religious riots were created in Kurdish areas, especially in Kurdistan province, Kurdish areas of West Azerbaijan and Oramanat region of Kermanshah province by separatist groups. In the current international and regional conditions, ethnic and religious separatist movements whose activities date back to before and after the Islamic Revolution, are preparing and shifting ethnic identity to ethnic nationalism and Religious identity toward religious extremism and insecurity.
The present study was aimed to evaluate and identify the relationship between religious identity and security in Oramanat region of Kermanshah province who were selected by stratified method. The data were collected using a researcher-made written questionnaire. The research sample was 359 Kurdish residents aged 15 to 65 years (Sunni religion) in Oramanat region of Kermanshah province who were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method. Data were also analyzed by SPSS software. The results of the study indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between religious identity and security in this region. Thus, religious identity can become a barrier against religious extremism and maintain security in these areas.
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