عنوان مقاله [English]
National unity is one of the overriding elements of the innate structure of national power which reinforces the effectiveness of other elements of power and highly affects the rise of national power and guarantee of national security. the maintenance of protection and promotion of national unity in reliance with monotheistic purposes requires that the Islamic government reinforce the national unity and solidarity of individuals by means of the sublime Islamic and national goals and hedge against the separation and discrepancies between the goals and interests of government and those of people. Accordingly, the present study aims at developing strategies to improve the cohesion between the people and the system in the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) in reliance with the national unity. To that end, this dissertation exploits the mixed exploratory method in such a way that it lies in the category of applied-developmental researches. Following, it analyses the discourse of Velayat-e-Faqih, high legal documents and the Constitution by means of documentary and Qualitative Thematic Analysis; to define the desirability indices, (peripheral question I); then, it presents a list of desirability indices for the cohesion between the people and the government in reliance with the national unity. To evaluate, prioritize and finalize the strategic factors, it exploits expertise surveying. Meanwhile, to evaluate and prioritize strategic factors, it enjoys the viewpoints of 30 experts. In the same vein, to develop the strategies to improve the cohesion between the people and the government based on the national unity, it applies qualitative methods such as the matrix of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) and expertise analysis, and then to prioritize the strategies, it uses the quantitative strategic planning matrix (QSPM). The results suggest that the IRI, in line with the cohesion between the people and the government based on the national unity, could exploit defensive strategies to minimize weaknesses and reduce threats. Finally, the strategies are categorized in six spheres including culture, society, economy, politics, security, and protection and development of resources.